Glossary of Spices

A

adas = fennel
adas manis = aniseed
asam jawa = tamarind

B
bangkuang = jicama
bawang bombay = onion
bawang daun = green onion / scallion / spring onion
bawang merah = shallot / red onion
bawang putih = garlic
beras ketan = glutinuous rice
beras merah = brown rice
bihun = rice vermicelli
buah lawang (pekak) = star anise
buah pala = nutmeg
bunga pala = mace
C
cabe = chilli pepper
cabe rawit = cayenne
cengkeh = clove
cuka = vinegar
D
daun pandan = Pandan leaves
E
ebi =dried shrimp
G
garam = salt
gula merah/jawa = palm sugar / gula melaka
J
jahe = ginger
jeruk nipis/limau = lime
jeruk lemon = lemon
jeruk purut = kaffir lime
jintan = cummin
K
kacang ijo = mung bean / green bean
kacang kedelai = soy bean
kacang kapri = snow peas
kacang mete = cashew
kacang panjang = long bean
kacang tanah = peanut
kapulaga = cardamom
kapur sirih = lime paste
kayumanis = cinnamon
kecap asin = soya sauce
kecap ikan = fish sauce
kecap manis = sweet soya sauce
kedele = soya bean
kelapa = coconut
kemangi = basil
kemiri = candle nut
kencur = aromatic ginger
ketumbar = coriander
kucai = chive
kunyit = turmeric
L
lengkuas = galangal
lobak = radish / turnip
labu kuning = pumpkin
labu siam= chayote
M
merica = pepper
minyak wijen = sesame oil
minyak zaitun = olive oil
mentega = butter
margarin = margarine

P
pare = bitter gourd
petis = black shrimp paste
pekak = star anise
petai = stinky beans

R
ragi = yeast
rebung = bamboo shoot
S
santan = coconut milk
saus tiram = oyster sauce
saus cabe = chili sauce
saus tomat = tomato sauce
saus inggris = Worcestershire sauce
sedap malam = dried lily flower
seledri = celery
serai = lemon grass
singkong = cassava
soun = mung bean thread
T
tahu = tofu
talas = taro
tauco = preserved soy beans
tauge = bean sprout
telur puyuh = quail’s egg
tempe = soy bean cake
tepung beras = rice flour
tepung hunkwee = mung bean flour
tepung jagung = cornmeal
tepung kanji = tapioca
tepung ketan = sweet rice flour
tepung ketan hitam = black glutinous flour
tepung maizena = cornstarch (di negara Commonwealth kecuali Canada disebut cornflour)
tepung terigu = wheat flour / all purpose flour / plain flour
tepung panir = breadcrumbs
terasi = shrimp paste
terong = eggplant
terong hijau = thai eggplant
U
ubi jalar/rambat = sweet potato
W
wijen = sesame seed

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